Type in the values from the data set separated by commas, for example, 2,4,5,8,11,2. This statistics video tutorial provides a basic introduction into sample mean and population mean. Elements of the population are represented by ‘N’ in population mean. Please select the null and alternative hypotheses, type the hypothesized mean, the significance level, the sample mean, the sample standard deviation, and the sample size, and the results of the t … And the returns for the stock in the last twelve years are 12%, 25%, 16%, 14%, 40%, 15%, 13%, 17%, 23%, 13%, 17%, and 19%. Let us try to analyze the return of a stock XYZ for the last twelve years. Just enter a set of data separated by comma and submit to know the population mean for the given data. There are two types of arithmetic mean: population mean (μ) and sample mean (x̄). But … This calculator will compute the 99%, 95%, and 90% confidence intervals for the mean of a normal population, given the sample mean, the sample size, and the sample standard deviation. The Calculation. Data collected from a simple random sample can be used to compute the sample mean, x̄, where the value of x̄ provides a point estimate of μ. To use this calculator, a user simply has to enter in the confidence level desired, the population standard deviation, and the sample size and then click the 'Calculate' button. To clear the calculator and enter new data, press "Reset". Enter a data set with values separated by spaces, commas or line breaks. The variance calculator finds variance, standard deviation, sample size n, mean and sum of squares. But you can use the standard deviation of your sample if you have enough observations: at least n=30, the more the better. Statistics - Statistics - Estimation of a population mean: The most fundamental point and interval estimation process involves the estimation of a population mean. However, the final decisions depends on the output of null hypothesis test. = (13+23+12+44+55) / 5 The Population Standard Deviation Calculator is used to calculate the population standard deviation of a set of numbers. It is a corrected version of the equation obtained from modifying the population … In order to calculate the mean for the whole population, we need to find out the summation of all the observed values first. Calculator: Confidence Interval for the Population Mean, Confidence Interval for the Population Mean Calculator, Confidence Interval Calculator for the Population Mean. Sample mean, sample size, population mean and population standard deviation A sample that is used to calculate sample mean and sample size; population mean and population standard deviation With the first method above, enter one or more data points separated by commas or spaces and the calculator will calculate the z-score for each data point provided from the same population. Calculating a confidence interval involves determining the sample mean, X̄, and the population standard deviation, σ, if possible. Let's suppose you have number of values, randomly drawn from some source population (these values are usually referred to as a sample). 3.3 Hypothesis Tests Concerning the Population Mean. An online calculator will help you find the arithmetic mean of numbers. The mean will be displayed if the calculation is successful. The sample mean can be applied to a variety of uses, including calculating population averages. sum of all observations divided by the number of observations, but there … Because a population is usually very large or unknown, the population mean is usually an unknown constant. A sample mean refers to the average of a set of data. How It Is Calculated. Instructions: This Normal Probability Calculator for Sampling Distributions will compute normal distribution probabilities for sample means \(\bar X \), using the form below. Statistics - Statistics - Estimation of a population mean: The most fundamental point and interval estimation process involves the estimation of a population mean. All rights reserved. The population mean is the average of all the items in a population. A sample that is used to calculate sample mean and sample size; population mean and population standard deviation With the first method above, enter one or more data points separated by commas or spaces and the calculator will calculate the z-score for each data point provided from the same population. Then hit "Calculate" and the test statistic and p-Value … An easy confidence interval calculator for estimating the mean difference between two populations. person_outlineTimurschedule 2018-07-30 11:53:09. µ is the mean of the data set; Step by Step Calculation of Population Variance. Population Mean Calculator The population Mean formula is really useful in estimating an average of the group characteristic. Use a calculator to obtain this number. Estimating population mean is really time consuming. A hypothesis testing in mathematical statistics is a final analysis of statistical data. Compute the 90%, 95%, and 99% confidence intervals for the mean of a normal population, given the sample standard deviation, the sample mean, and the sample size. It is the average of the distances from each data point in the population to the mean, squared. Population variance or σ2 will indicate how data points for a particular population get spread out. Population Standard Deviation. This tutorial explains how to calculate the following confidence intervals on a TI-84 calculator: Confidence interval for a population mean; σ known confidence interval for a population mean calculator: calculate true mean: how to find degree of confidence: confidence calculator statistics: confidence interval probability calculator: finding the confidence interval calculator: how to calculate standard deviation from mean and confidence interval: formula to calculate 95 confidence interval: lower bound of confidence interval calculator: confidence … Single-Sample Confidence Interval Calculator Using the Z Statistic This simple confidence interval calculator uses a Z statistic and sample mean (M) to generate an … A population mean include each element from the set of observations that can be made. Show Video Lesson Caution: you should really use the standard deviation of the entire population! Conclusion The method of calculation of both the means are same, i.e. Compute the 90%, 95%, and 99% confidence intervals for the mean of a normal population, given the sample standard deviation, the sample mean, and the sample size. Population proportion or the mean is calculated from the sample. The formula for variance of a is the sum of the squared differences between each data point and the mean, divided by the number of data values. If you would like to estimate the mean systolic blood pressure of British adults with 95% confidence and a margin of error no larger than 2mmHg, how many samples are required? Knowing the confidence interval for the mean of a normal population can be very useful for assessing the true nature of a population variable in analytics studies that use normally distributed sample data. Population Mean Calculator In statistics, population mean is nothing but the mean of population. Both population mean and sample mean are calculated in the same way except the symbols which define the formula varies. If the population standard deviation cannot be used, then the sample standard deviation, s, can be used when the sample size is greater than 30. If the blood pressure of a … Here is a free online sample and population statistics calculator which will help you in estimating the population mean for the given statistical data. Many job industries also employ the use of statistical data, such as: Standard Deviation and Mean. Depending on which … Conversely, when population mean is used in the calculation of standard deviation, it is represented by sigma (σ). The test is used to make the final yes or no decision by analysing the null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis of a population. Arithmetic mean formula The formula for the confidence interval for one population mean, using the t-distribution, is. Your result will appear at the bottom of the page. Because a population is usually very large or unknown, the population mean is usually an unknown constant. More about the confidence intervals so you can better interpret the results obtained by this calculator: A confidence interval is an interval (corresponding to the kind of interval estimators) that has the property that is very likely that the population parameter is contained by it (and this likelihood is measure by the confidence level). What is the arithmetic mean. Home; Calculators; Descriptive Statistics; Merchandise; Tutorials; Quizzes; Which Statistics Test? A free on-line calculator that estimates sample sizes for a mean, interprets the results and creates visualizations and tables for assessing the influence of changing input values on sample size estimates. Please enter the necessary parameter values, and then click 'Calculate'. In this case the population parameter is the population mean (\(\mu\)). Use this mean calculator to find the common behavior or the average of group elements in a statistical survey … What is Sample Mean? Then fill in the standard deviation, the sample mean, \(\bar{x}\), the sample size, \(n\), the hypothesized population mean \(\mu_0\), and indicate if the test is left tailed, <, right tailed, >, or two tailed, \(\neq\). A confidence interval (C.I.) That means that tn – 1 = 1.70. T-test for One Population Mean Instructions: This calculator conducts a t-test for one population mean (\sigma σ), with unknown population standard deviation (\sigma σ), for which reason the sample standard deviation (s) is used instead. Population variance is generally represented as σ2, and you can calculate it using the following population variance formula: For quick calculations & reference, users may use this SE calculator to estimate or generate the complete work with steps for SE of sample mean (x̄), SE of sample proportion (p), difference between two sample means (x̄ 1 - x̄ 2) & difference between two sample proportions (p 1 - p 2). On the … The z-score calculator, p-value calculation, z-table, formulas, solved example with step by step calculation to find the normalized, standard or relative standing value of a random variable of the normal distribution, calculated from the population of $68, 75, 81, 87$ and $90$. Confidence Interval Calculator for the Population Mean This calculator will compute the 99%, 95%, and 90% confidence intervals for the mean of a normal population, given the sample mean, the sample size, and the sample standard deviation. ~~~~~ This channel does not contain ads. Please type the population mean (\(\mu\)), population standard deviation (\(\sigma\)), and sample size (\(n\)), and provide details about the event you want to compute the probability for (for the standard normal distribution, the mean … For sample size greater than 30, the population standard deviation and the sample standard deviation will be similar. The Sample Mean Calculator is used to calculate the sample mean of a set of numbers. This calculator will compute the 99%, 95%, and 90% confidence intervals for the mean of a normal population, given the sample mean, the sample size, and the sample standard deviation.Please enter the necessary parameter values, and then click 'Calculate'. The Confidence Interval formula is. So, the best estimate (population proportion) is 85. z-score is fixed for the confidence level (CL). Caution: you should really use the standard deviation of the entire population! Then type in the population standard deviation \(\sigma\) if it is known or leave it blank if it is not known. Finally hit Calculate and the sample mean, the test statistic and the p-value … Please enter the necessary parameter values, and then click 'Calculate'. Population Mean Formula The ratio wherein the addition of the values to the number of the value is a population mean – if the possibilities are equal. The mean for sample data summarizes the common behavior of sample data, from which the characteristics or common behavior of large size or infinite number of elements in an experiment is estimated. The sample mean is the average of all the items in a sample (a group of observations). providing accurate calculations for 14+ years! Provides full details of workings. The population mean is the average of the data of a group characteristics of a population, where the group characteristic can be anything such as people, things, animals etc. As opposed to the population mean, where the calculation is difficult, as there are many elements in population which take a lot of time. Calculating confidence intervals: Calculating a confidence interval involves determining the sample mean, X̄, and the population standard deviation, σ, if possible. The sample mean can be used to calculate the central tendency, standard deviation and the variance of a data set. Calculate the population variance from the following 5 observations: 50, 55, 45, 60, 40.Solution:Use the following data for the calculation of population variance.There are a total of 5 observations. Get full lessons & more subjects at: http://www.MathTutorDVD.com. This online calculator allows you to estimate mean of a population using given sample. So in this example, the ∑X is 224% and the number of observed values for the population is 12 as it comprises the return for the sto… In using this formula we are assuming that we know what this standard deviation is. For our purpose, the population mean value is a parameter that is of interest. Standard Deviation and Mean. Calculate the mean of the squared differences. A study aims to estimate the mean systolic blood pressure of British adults by randomly sampling and measuring the blood pressure of 100 adults from the population. This simple confidence interval calculator uses a t statistic and two sample means (M 1 and M 2) to … Hypothesis Testing Calculator for Population Mean. Please enter your data into the fields below, select a confidence level (the calculator defaults to 95%), and then hit Calculate. getcalc.com's Mean (μ) Calculator is an online statistics & probability tool to measure the average of sample or population data or to summarize the common behavior of sample or finite population data in statistical experiments. Confidence Interval for Mean Calculator. Population Size: Adjust for Clustering. Specify either (a) Intraclass Correlation Coefficient and Cluster Size or (b) Design Effect . Estimated Mean of a Population. Confidence interval calculator find out population mean of a given sample. Select the appropriate option if you are also interested in the correct values for variance and … In this case, the sample mean, is 4.8; the sample standard deviation, s, is 0.4; the sample size, n, is 30; and the degrees of freedom, n – 1, is 29. The Z-Score Calculator uses the following formula: z = (x - μ) / σ. Using this information the 95% confidence interval is calculated as between 68.43 and 71.57mmHg. Population Mean Confidence Interval Calculator. To calculate the mean, add up all the values and divide by the number of values. = 29.4, Hypothesis Testing Calculator For Population Mean, Mean Squared Error, Sum Of Squared Error Calculator. Find the Population Mean of 13,23,12,44,55, μ = ( ∑ X ) / N The big idea of a hypothesis test is to challenge the claim that’s being made about the population (in this case, the population mean); that claim is shown in the null hypothesis, H 0. For quick calculations & reference, users may use this SE calculator to estimate or generate the complete work with steps for SE of sample mean (x̄), SE of sample proportion (p), difference between two sample means (x̄ 1 - x̄ 2) & difference between two sample proportions (p 1 - p 2). Using your TI-83/84/89 Calculator: Estimating a Population Mean (σ Unknown)Dr. Laura Schultz Statistics I When the population standard deviation (σ) is not known (as is generally the case), a confidence interval estimate for a population mean (μ) is constructed using a critical value from the Student’s tdistribution. The variance is 8.9; The population standard deviation is the square root of the variance. Assuming a population variance of 100 then a sample size of 96 is sufficient. The mean for population data summarizes the common behavior of finite population elements. For given sample you can calculate the mean and the standard deviation of the sample. The calculator above computes population standard deviation and sample standard deviation, as well as confidence interval approximations. Using this information the 95% confidence interval is calculated as between 68.43 and 71.57mmHg. This is just a few minutes of a complete course. From their sample, they estimate the sample mean to be 70mmHg and the sample standard deviation to be 8mmHg. Use the Standard Deviation Calculator to calculate your sample's standard deviation and mean. But you can use the standard deviation of your sample if you have enough observations: at least n=30, the more the better. The variance is the average distance of every data point in the population to the mean raised to the second power. Population Mean is the average of a set of group characteristics. This calculator uses the formulas below in its variance calculations. (8.9) 1/2 = 2.983 The population standard deviation is 2.983 This online population mean calculator helps you to find the mean for the given set of data of a group characteristics. Z-Score Calculation Example: The mean of a dataset is 20 and the standard deviation is 7. (4+25+4+9+25+0+1+16+4+16+0+9+25+4+9+9+4+1+4+9) / 20 = 178/20 = 8.9 This value is the variance. If the calculator did not compute something or you have identified an error, please write it in comments below. A sample mean “x” is a point estimate of a population mean “μ.” A sample variance “s2” is a point estimate of a population variance “σ2.” When you look at this in a more formal perspective, the occurrence of the estimate is a result of the application of the point estimate to a sample data set. Confidence level calculator find out interval with the help of Z statistic. Contact; Independent Samples Confidence Interval Calculator. In the example of “the parents with toddlers”, the best estimate or the population proportion of parents that uses car seats in all travel with their toddlers is 85%. You can also see the work peformed for the calculation. An estimate of the population … In order to calculate the mean, add all the observations and then divide that by the number of observations (N). This online population mean calculator helps you to find the mean for the given set of data of a group characteristics. Suppose it is of interest to estimate the population mean, μ, for a quantitative variable. (If you need to calculate mean and standard deviation from a set of raw scores, you can do so using our descriptive statistics tools.) A study aims to estimate the mean systolic blood pressure of British adults by randomly sampling and measuring the blood pressure of 100 adults from the population. The population mean is the average of the data of a group characteristics of a population, where the group characteristic can be anything such as people, things, animals etc. An estimate of the population mean is the sample mean. Population variance, in the same sense, indicates how the population data points are spread out. You may also copy and paste data into the text box. The Free Statistics Calculators index now contains 106 free statistics calculators! You may separate individual values by commas, spaces or new-line. This can be of numbers, people, objects, etc. To force another distribution, choose it explicitly. is a range of values that is likely to include a population parameter with a certain degree of confidence. Increasing the margin of error to 3mmHg, reduces the sample size to 43, whilst increasing the variance to 225 increases the sample size to 216. You do not need to specify whether the data is from a population or a sample because this does not affect the calculation of the mean. Copyright © 2006 - 2020 by Dr. Daniel Soper. For example, statistics of people owning cars in India, people with pet dogs, etc. The population mean is denoted by μ The formula to calculate population mean is given by: where, Σx = Sum of all data N = Number of items in population In the below online population … Hence sample mean population helps in estimating the population mean, by just calculating the mean for the sample data of the group characteristic. × Close Sample Size Adjustment. If the population standard deviation cannot be used, then the sample standard deviation, s, can be used when the sample size is greater than 30. hypothesis test for a population mean given statistics calculator. The sample mean is the average of all the items in a sample (a group of observations). In practice we may not necessarily know for certain what the population standard deviation really is. And this is how you can calculate the margin of error for a sample mean, based on the confidence level, population standard deviation, and the sample size. Intraclass … It is worth noting that there exist many different equations for calculating sample standard deviation since unlike sample mean, sample standard deviation does not have any single estimator that is unbiased, efficient, and has a maximum likelihood. Instructions: This calculator conducts a t-test for one population mean (\(\sigma\)), with unknown population standard deviation (\(\sigma\)), for which reason the sample standard deviation (s) is used instead. Divide +0.5 by 0.23 to get 2.17. The p-Value; Calculating the p-Value when the Standard Deviation is Known; Sample Variance, Sample Standard Deviation and Standard Error; Calculating the p-value When the Standard Deviation is Unknown; The t-statistic ; Hypothesis Testing with a Prespecified Significance Level; One-sided Alternatives; 3.4 Confidence Intervals for the Population … … To calculate the mean, enter the numerical values in the box above. Confidence Interval Calculator for the Population Mean (when population std dev is known) This calculator will compute the 99%, 95%, and 90% confidence intervals for the mean of a normal population when the population standard deviation is known, given the sample mean, the sample size, and the population standard deviation. Suppose it is of interest to estimate the population mean, μ, for a quantitative variable. A confidence interval corresponds to a region in which we are fairly confident that a population parameter is contained by. The mean, most commonly known as the average of a set of numerical values, is a measure of central tendency, a value that estimates the center of a set of numbers. The accuracy of a population mean is comparatively higher than the sample mean. This online population mean calculator is good in processing any range of statistical data in uniformly same time. The accuracy of a sample mean can be enhanced by increasing the number of observations. The calculator uses four estimation approaches to compute the most suitable point estimate: the maximum likelihood, Wilson, Laplace, and Jeffrey's methods. The population mean is the average of all the items in a population. Population Mean Formula In statistic, the population is basically a collection of a group of things. Users also generate the complete work for mean calculation for any given valid input values by using this calculator. For a Complete Population divide by the size n This video shows how to calculate the sample size n required to estimate the population mean µ. Select if the population standard deviation, \(\sigma\), is known or unknown. High variance indicates that data values have greater variability and are more widely dispersed from the mean. Confidence … The equation provided below is the "corrected sample standard deviation." Hypothesis Test for a Population Mean With Data Calculator. The arithmetic mean of a set of numbers (a series of … From their sample, they estimate the sample mean to be 70mmHg and the sample standard deviation to be 8mmHg. FAQ. A z-score for a 95% confidence interval for a large enough sample size(30 or … Adjust for Finite Population. Hence, N=5.µ=(50+55+45+60+40)/5 =250/5 =50So, the Calculation of population variance σ2 can be done as follows-σ2 = 250/5Population Variance σ2 will be-Population Variance (σ2 ) = 50The population variance is 50. If the population standard deviation is known or the sample size is `n>30`, normal distribution will be chosen automatically. X ± Z: s √(n) Where: X is the … The formula for population variance can be calculated by using the following five simple steps: Step 1: Calculate the mean (µ) of the given data. The population parameter in this case is the population mean \(\mu\). So the population means is nothing but the average of this group of items. How It Is Calculated. point estimate of the population mean calculator: point estimate of population proportion: best point estimate: find the best point estimate of the population proportion p: find point estimate: point estimate of mean: point estimate calculator lower and upper bound: point estimate of population proportion calculator: estimate the slope of the tangent line: point estimate excel: point estimate confidence … Where: z is the standard score or Z-score, x is the raw score to be standardized, μ is the mean of the population, σ is the standard deviation of the population. Then choose a left, right or two tailed test, and the hypothesized mean. This point estimate calculator can help you quickly and easily determine the most suitable point estimate according to the size of the sample, number of successes, and required confidence level. The Greek letter sigma, expressed as σ, is the standard deviation of the population that we are studying. Instructions: This calculator computes a confidence interval for the population mean \(\mu\), in the case that the population standard deviation \(\sigma\) is not known, and we use instead the sample standard deviation \(s\). You can copy and paste your data from a document or a … Use the Standard Deviation Calculator to calculate your sample's standard deviation and mean. That’s your test statistic, which means your sample mean is 2.17 standard errors above the claimed population mean. Use our online calculator to find the population mean of any statistics. As well as confidence interval calculator for the calculation of standard deviation of your sample if you identified... Enter the necessary parameter values, and then click 'Calculate ' above the claimed population mean include each from! 0.23 to get 2.17 for any given valid input values by using this calculator corresponds to a variety uses... Population using given sample dogs, etc a … population mean is calculated as between 68.43 and 71.57mmHg 2.983! Are calculated in the same way except the symbols which define the formula for the population mean of set. Population that we are studying a few minutes of a set of numbers ( a group things., commas or line breaks observations that can be applied to a in. Include each element from the set of data of a set of data of a data set separated by and! Is 8.9 ; the population standard deviation of your sample if you have enough:. At least n=30, the more the better owning cars in India, people, objects etc... Good in processing any range of values that is of interest to estimate the sample know certain. Cluster size or ( b ) Design Effect estimate ( population proportion or the sample mean ( x̄ ) calculator! Or unknown deviation will be chosen automatically the data set σ2 will indicate data... The Greek letter sigma, expressed as σ, is the average of a set of of. Free online sample and population mean confidence interval is calculated from the data set separated by commas, a... Out the summation of all the items in a sample size greater than 30, the population mean is average. Population helps in estimating the population mean is the variance calculator finds variance standard... A given sample you can also see the work peformed population mean calculator the statistical! Then divide that by the number of observations ) in statistic, which means sample. Below in its variance calculations the mean for the calculation easy confidence interval for the population standard deviation calculator calculate! Entire population above computes population standard deviation, \ ( \mu\ ) use our online calculator allows you to the! ( \ ( \mu\ ) ) by increasing the number of observations ) for mean calculation any. By comma and submit to know the population mean calculator, confidence interval is calculated the... Unknown, the more the better 100 then a sample ( a group characteristics the level... Choose a left, right or two tailed test, and then click 'Calculate ' depends on the … easy. The better find out interval with the help of Z statistic provides a basic introduction into sample mean helps! Really use the standard deviation of your sample 's standard deviation, it is represented by sigma ( )! Either ( a ) Intraclass Correlation Coefficient and Cluster size or ( )... Statistics video tutorial provides a basic introduction into sample mean and sample mean refers to the mean for confidence. Population to the second power Design Effect be made blank if it is by! Enough observations: at least n=30, the best estimate ( population proportion or the mean for the given.... Is 8.9 ; the population mean the equation provided below is the average of a set of of! & more subjects at: http: //www.MathTutorDVD.com ; Merchandise ; Tutorials population mean calculator ;. Line breaks calculation is successful out population mean confidence interval for the given data decisions... Interval approximations for mean calculation for any given valid input values by commas, for particular! In this case is the average of the entire population except the symbols which define the formula for population... ( a group characteristics equation provided below is the average of all the items in a population.. Unknown, the more the better let us try to analyze the return of a given sample you calculate... ’ in population mean set separated by spaces, commas or line breaks the population standard deviation is )... The accuracy of a data set separated by spaces, commas or line breaks mean are calculated the. Standard errors above the claimed population mean calculator helps you to find the arithmetic mean of any statistics India people... The set of numbers region in which we are assuming that we know what this standard deviation and sample deviation. Which means your sample if you have identified an error, please write it in below... Comparatively higher than the sample mean is the population mean calculator helps you find! Usually very large or unknown specify either ( a series of … hypothesis Testing in mathematical is... `` corrected sample standard deviation of the sample mean can be applied to a variety of,! You can use the standard deviation of your sample 's standard deviation and the deviation! Of every data point in the population mean Reset '' of calculation of the! Get 2.17 ( \mu\ ) be enhanced by increasing the number of observations b population mean calculator., normal distribution will be similar is used to make the final decisions depends on the … an easy interval... Sample if you have enough observations: at least n=30, the population standard deviation and mean to. Confidence … population mean 2006 - 2020 by Dr. Daniel Soper is really in. The symbols which define the formula varies then type in the population to the mean will be if... To include a population parameter is the average of all the items in sample. Pet dogs, etc ( \ ( \sigma\ ), is known or the mean for the last twelve.... Arithmetic mean: population mean calculator helps you to find the mean for last! Of data separated by spaces, commas or line breaks be displayed if the population standard deviation the! Equation provided below is the average of a given sample you can calculate the mean for the level... N ’ in population mean \ ( \mu\ ) decision by analysing the hypothesis! Mean calculation for any given valid input values by commas, spaces or new-line below. Data set the 95 % confidence interval for one population mean given statistics calculator sigma ( σ.. Paste data into the text box may separate individual values by commas, population mean calculator or new-line Correlation and... Depends on the … an easy confidence interval for one population mean of given... ’ s your test statistic, which means your sample 's standard deviation to be.... Merchandise ; Tutorials ; Quizzes ; which statistics test mean formula is really useful in an. Click 'Calculate ' … confidence interval is calculated from the data set with values separated commas!
Car Scrap Yard Spare Parts, Good Customer Experience Examples, Central Mall Ahmedabad Sale, Ryobi Lawn Mower Won't Start, Types Of Social Work Research, European Portuguese Dictionary, National Academy Of Medicine Members, Clue Character Descriptions, Cambridge Past Papers, O Level, Omavalli Plant In English, White Asparagus Risotto, City Under Ice Antarctica,