What would be its underlying meaning? Reply, It could be the Hebrew Yonatan or Jonathan. https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/4069287/jewish/The- The e pronounced as in bed. Today this writing system is called Ketiv menukad ("writing with nikkud"). I read in Psalm 119:165 “Great is the peace of those who לְאֹהֲבֵ֣י (le’ohavei) (love) your law and nothing can cause them to stumble.” I love that verse so i was studying the hebrew to find every hidden precious nugget of insight into that word and i found the meaning of the .. the tzeireh/tzayray (two side by side dots) under the letter bet but have not been able to find meaning of the little thing under the letter bet that looks like a tiny backward “L”, can you explain or include a link to a resource or page that explains that symbol? Aleph Reply, Can anyone help me spell L’ Chaim in Hebrew WITH the appropriate vowels? vowels hebrew alphabet Flashcards Browse 500 sets of vowels hebrew alphabet flashcards Reply, Sure, it is pronounced "teh-mee-moos". Both the ancient written Hebrew dialect and the modern written Hebrew dialect have only consonants without vowel pointing, so first … Reply, What does pae sound like ,(pay) and represent 5780 2020 mouth
The consonant letters alef, he, waw and yod double as long vowels. Reply, Names often get spelled differently. In Modern Hebrew, however, they are pronounced as tav, even when there is no dagesh (point) within the letter. This form of Hebrew was once commonly used as cursive writing and is still used among some Sepharadic Jews. Reply, Well here is a strong possibility, The Creator's Name in the Hebrew is יהוה which consists of 4 Hebrew letters Yod, Hey, Vav, Hey or YHVH now these Hebrew letters also have a separate meaning Yod = Hand, Hey = Behold, Vav = Nail, Hey = Behold. Also, sometimes they would tell you what your name is. Vowels are mostly indicated by markings placed below or above these consonants. Words spelled with vowel letters are sometimes called malei (×Ö¸×Öµ×) spellings. In Hebrew the letter ס (Samech) makes the “s” sound, meanwhile the ת makes either a ‘t’ sound or a ‘th’ sound. The cholam can either appear as a dot at the upper left of a letter, or it takes the form of a vav with the dot above it. I can see how a literal acceptance of Berashit would lead to that point of view but Chan Thomas’s book The Adam and Eve Story ( redacted by the CIA) discusses the multiple cataclysms that have afflicted the world and the civilisations destroyed by them. Those civilisations had languages, which he claims survive in certain societies, eg the Naga people. Unlike English cursive, however, the letters are not attached to each other. The Hebrew alphabet, just like most other Semitic alphabets, do not include any vowels. Gematria numeric values of hebrew letters study tools truth in a word pearls of wisdom gematria symbolism of the hebrew language aleph bet The Hebrew Letter ChartJt S Spot Hebrew Letters Original MeaningThe Hebrew AlphabetSymbolism Of The Hebrew Language Aleph BetTopic 1 Introduction To The WallbuildersThe Hebrew Alphabet Arabic LexiconMetaphors… The long vowels which use the yud and vav as vowels can never be shortened. The Yod was also placed after a consonant to indicate that the vowel was to be determined as a long vowel sound. "Consonantal" Vowel Letters: ×, ×, × and ×Before the vowel points were introduced, the scribes used the letters Aleph (×), Hey (×), Vav (×), and Yod (×) to indicate vowel sounds. The Hebrew alphabet currently appears in three forms: Block letters are the most ancient of forms, based closely on (and including) the Ktav Ashurit, the calligraphic letters of the Torah and other sacred books. The names of vowels, below, indicate how the nekkudot are pronounced by Ashkenazim as well as by Modern Hebrew speakers, whose accent has been heavily influenced by Sepharadic tradition. It is intended for an audience that has no previous knowledge of the Hebrew language or script. Hebrew for ChristiansCopyright © John J. ParsonsAll rights reserved. Click here for a Hebrew Alphabet PDF chart. Over the centuries, pronunciation has changed to the point that some communities have lost the distinction between the sounds of certain letters of the Hebrew Alphabet. “L’Chaim!” To life! Reply, Hi, I was wondering if anyone could tell me how "תְמִימוּת" is pronounced. The Hebrew alphabet is called the alefbet in Hebrew because of the first two letters, alef and bet.The Hebrew language, unlike English, is written from right to left, not left to right. Unlike English, however, the Hebrew alphabet is a consonantal one: there are no separate letters for vowels in the written alphabet (though some letters, in particular Vav and Yod, can function as "consonantal vowels"). That is where gematria and other exchange systems come into play. These allow the Hebrew terms, based on the ten utterances, to “become” the Hebrew name of every given item, which is its life-source. The alphabet though couldn't evolve because "not a single letter in the Scripture could be either added or removed". In this case, they are pronounced more briefly, but are known as chataf komatz, chataf patach, and chataf segol.). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Reply, I am trying to trace my mothers ancestry but her name is spelt differently in numerous documents.It is either Avitan or Abittan does anyone know why this would be? How about the things, such as computers and books, not mentioned specifically in the ten utterances? In Israel, Modern Hebrew texts are printed without these vowel markings which are often reserved for … I'm fascinated by the complexity and intrigued and anxious to learn more. If you take the time and apply yourself diligently, you will soon enjoy the satisfaction of sounding out real Hebrew words. Vowels didn't exist in the ancient Hebrew / Phoenician script. Sepharadim correctly pronounce this with a gutteral sound, different from the aleph, which was lost to Ashkenazim. Originally Aleph and Hey were put at the end of words, while the Yod and Vav were used to write diphthongs (combined vowel sounds, such as "oy"). Reply, Being that there is a Final Fay, why is there no Final Pay?Thanks! The Hebrew alphabet (excluding final letters) in standard block print. Hebrew Vowels Use and Meaning. ו v represents the vowels o and u (we’ll discuss its consonantal use later), י y represents the vowel i and א ' and ה h can represent all the vowels. You may recall from your early school days that the English alphabet includes the vowel letters "A-E-I-O-U" (and sometimes "Y"). Ashley means "Ash tree meadow." The two pictures above with the text from Genesis 1: 1-5 shows the pointed and unpointed consonants. The letters only mark consonants, which means that when you look at a word you would have no idea how it is pronounced. Such alphabets are known as "abjads". The Hebrew Vowel Signs. But ancient Hebrew contained no written vowels as distinct letter forms: the actual vowel sounds were "added" to the reading by means of oral tradition and long-established usage.As an experiment, try reading the following:Lv th Lrd yr Gd wth ll yr hrtIf you were able to "figure out" that the above string of letters reads "Love the Lord your God with all your heart," (Deut 6:5), then you might be able to see how a language could be entirely made up of consonantsâwith the reader supplying the missing vowels.In written Hebrew the string of letters might look like this:All of the letters in this string are Hebrew consonants you have learnedâthere is not a vowel in the bunch! Second, Hebrew vowels are given special names which you may or may not wish to memorize (though it is recommended if you wish to pursue Hebrew studies). The Hebrew alphabet consists entirely of consonants, the first being א (Aleph) and the last being ת (Taw). Unlike English, however, the Hebrew alphabet is a consonantal one: there are no separate letters for vowels in the written alphabet (though some letters, in particular Vav and Yod, can function as "consonantal vowels"). Each letter has its own sound and numerical value. Reply, How would you translate 'ret' in Hebrew? Is there anybody who can help? Often, great secrets of the Torah are steeped in gematria. In traditional Hebrew texts and as well as modern writings, the vowels are not written, only the letters. These two letters added together equal 18. Practice your reading with our interactive Hebrew reading trainer. "Full" (or mixed) Hebrew VowelsAfter the scribes added vowel points to the texts, the consonantal vowels were often retained with the result that some of the vowels included both "simple" vowel marks as well consonantal letters. The vowels are understood from the context of the writing. Reply, It's just the way the Hebrew words work, they never end with a dagesh, so you will not see a Hebrew word that ends with bet, and neither is a final kaf. Notes on Vowels . In addition to vowels which are written as diacritics, Hebrew uses four letters to represent vowels. In Hebrew every letter has a numerical value. Thank you! This does not mean, of course, that vowels are not used in Hebrew. Widely used in Israel and the diaspora, Hebrew cursive is like its English counterpart in that it is easy to write but not commonly used in print (other than an occasional headline or advertisement). The emphasis, in other words, is not the academic but the practical: we want you to be able to confidently pronounce the Hebrew words you will be learning.We will present the vowels slowly and methodically, just as we did with the Hebrew letters. Reply, Hi Victoria,The symbol you are referring to is called a munah. This series explains the mystical meanings of the Hebrew alphabet’s vowel signs including the significance of their names, their phonetic sounds, and their graphic design. However, after the Diaspora more and more Jewish people began speaking the languages of their surrounding cultures âand literacy of the written Hebrew text became a more serious issue.Sometime beginning around 600 A.D., a group of scribes in Tiberias called the Masoretes (mesora means "tradition") began developing a system of vowel marks (called neqqudot) to indicate how the text was traditionally read. The Vowels of the Hebrew Alphabet. Can someone help with translation?אשלי
rules, see you to type Hebrew characters. This is an introductory explanation how vowels are treated in the Hebrew writing system. As told in the opening chapters of Genesis, G‑d spoke ten utterances, and the world came into being. Classification by SOUND results in an association with the English vowels sounds a/e/i/o/u. Makes an “oo” sound (like boot) and appears like a vav with a dot to its left, Makes a shorter “oo” sound like in "book" and appears like three dots, arranged like an ascending staircase below the letter, (At times, the komatz, patach and segol may appear with a sheva on their right side. The Hebrew and Yiddish languages use a different alphabet than English. The Hebrew alphabet, the holy language of the Bible, is used for biblical Hebrew, Modern Hebrew, Jewish Aramaic, Yiddish, and Ladino. 7:00. The Hebrew alphabet is comprised of 24 letters and a point system that denotes vowel sounds because the alphabet itself has no vowels. The Hebrew alphabet has no vowel letters. Reply, You forgot to mention that the ח is supposed to be pronounced as a voiceless pharyngeal fricative /ħ/It should also be noted that it is true the ashkenazim post the knowledge of the proper pronunciation through the Galuth, but we have returned to Eretz Yisrael and they should have already been exposed to the correct pronunciation and we needed willingly be in ignorance. That person would not always write your name down as you would spell it. Reply, Indeed pronounced “Teh-mee-mooth”.
Reply, This is what I found. A separate chart lists the basic verb patterns for simple verbs in the Present, Past, Future and Imperative tenses. I n the video Chaazawan talks about the ancient Hebrew dialect and the lack of written vowels in the ancient Hebrew alphabet which had only consonants. The Hebrew letters are not just a handy tool to transcribe Hebrew speech. Hebrew vowels can be classified in two ways. In this book, we will provide the names for the vowels, but the important thing is for you to be able to determine the appropriate vowel sound when you see a given Hebrew vowel mark. Soul of the Letters: Overview. Rather, they are the vessels through which G‑d created the universe. My largest misconception about beginning was that sounds of the characters could be made to match English sounds of letters and I could make words in Hebrew which come from those English sounds. © Copyright, all rights reserved. As you probably know, Hebrew writing goes right to left Hebrew alphabet consists of 22 letters. How biblical Hebrew is written. The first 10 letters (aleph to yud) each correspond to a number, one through ten. Although they look different, they are still pronounced exactly the same. It is called “Rashi Script,” since it was first introduced (and still widely used) by printers for Rashi’s commentary on the Bible. Start studying Hebrew Vowels. The letters of the Hebrew alphabet are consonantal. Reply, I'm learning Hebrew. People who are fluent in the language do not need vowels to read Hebrew, and most things written in Hebrew in Israel are written without vowels. In the early 1900s when immigrants came to New York, you would approach a government employee who would take your name down in a book. Deep inside you know that behind the wall of the Hebrew alphabet lies a land flowing with milk and honey — a wealth of new novels, comic books, hip-hop songs, poetry, political blogs, and subreddits to read. However, it is most commonly used as the preferred typeface for rabbinic commentaries of a more scholarly nature. Though some of these distinctions were lost to some communities over the years, they were preserved by other communities. Hebrew letter charts the sofit letters etz hayim tree of life hebrew letters and vowels the names of romanization of hebrew vowels arabic lexicon using nikud vowels in hebrew on a b f jewish Hebrew Language Alphabet And UnciationThe Aleph Bet Hebrew Alphabet With ModernHebrew Language Alphabet And UnciationThe Aleph… Continue Reading Hebrew Alphabet And Vowels Chart Reply, The symbols under the letter Bet in the word Le’ohavei
Apparently, the Masoretic scribal tradition later added vowel marks (diacritic symbols) to avoid any ambiguity in the spelling of Hebrew words. Like most early Semitic alphabetic writing systems, the alef-bet has no vowels. Thus you will see examples of different vowel marks that make the same sort of sound. Some grammar books use it to indicate the accented syllable, however, in reading scripture it is a conjunctive accent meaning that you should continue reading because the author has not yet completed his thought. Can either make a long “o” sound (as in bone), or among some Ashkenazim it makes an “oy” (as in boy). These are sometimes called "consonantal vowels," or matres lectionis (Latin for "mothers of reading"), so that when one of these consonants was encountered, the reader understood to make an associated vowel sound. I am not of Jewish descent but i have read the Bible and understand the origin and beginning of Judiasm and love the history and am trying to study the hebrew more in depth. The next nine letters (khaf to kuf) represent 20 through 100, and the final three letters (raysh, shin and tav) are from 200 to 400. The word “life” in Hebrew is pronounced, “Chai,” which is comprised of two letters, “khet” and “yud.” “Khet” represents the number eight, and the letter “yud,” ten. Choose from 500 different sets of vowels hebrew alphabet flashcards on Quizlet. Yes, these marks are the objects of our study in the following lessons, and if you study well, they will soon become indispensable aides as you are learning to read and write Hebrew -- especially the Hebrew Scriptures and the prayerbook (Siddur). Reply, The final letter of the word is a saf, which Ashkenazi Jews pronounce as such. Learn more by watching KabAlefBet!, a video series on the kabbalistic meaning of the Hebrew letters. ĕ by modification from ĭ or ă; short ŏ from ŭ; ê by contraction from ai (properly ay); and ô sometimes by modification (obscuring) from â, sometimes by contraction from au (properly aw). What would that be please?Can't post a copy of the name as it won't paste.Thanks in advance. People who are fluent in the language do not need vowels to read Hebrew, and Rashi, the greatest commentator on the Cheit-Nun-Kaf-Hei) is spelled Chanukah, Chanukkah, Hanuka, and many other anything alike! Enter your email address to get our weekly email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful content that will enrich your inbox and your life. Vowels in Hebrew Alphabet. Beside these vowel marks, the scribes also added "cantillation" marks (in Hebrew, ta'amim) to indicate how the text was to be chanted or sung.The "pointed" text of the Deuteronomy passage would now look like this: Notice that the little marks - the dots and dashes and so on - appear mostly below the Hebrew letters. A single dot below the letter, makes a long “e” sound when followed by a yud. Here are the final letters: As noted, the Hebrew letters themselves consist entirely of consonants. Reply, From the scripture, the gates of hell, what gamatria value does the word “gates” carry? This is how it is done by Ashkenazi (European) Jews. The original vowels in Hebrew, as in the other Semitic tongues, are a, i, u.E and o always arise from an obscuring or contraction of these three pure sounds, viz. Several systems for representing Hebrew vowels were developed in the Early Middle Ages. The Modern Hebrew alphabet has 22 consonants, final letters and diacritics, for a total of 27 symbols. Looks like a “T” and can be found under the letter, makes a short “u” sound (as in fun)3, Looks like a flat horizontal line under the letter and makes an “ah” sound (as in barn), Note: The Modern Hebrew (Sepharadic) pronunciation for both the komatz and the patach is the sound, “ah.”, Two side-by-side dots under the letter, makes a long “a” sound (as in day), Three dots arranged as an inverted pyramid under the letter, makes a short “e” sound (as in bed), Note: The Modern Hebrew (Sepharadic) pronunciation for both the tzayray and the segol is a short “e.”, Two dots stacked below the letter, can either have no sound at all (this is called a sheva nach) or it can make a quick “ih” sound, as in tick (in which case it is called a sheva na). Review the reading exercises until you feel comfortable with what you are learning. (The name meaning is the chosen granddaughter I believe, if that helps with translation) Thanks so much! It was pronounced by G‑d when the Jews received the Torah at Sinai, and it is read from the Torah by Jews all over the world. It consists of 22 letters, all consonants, none of which are lowercase. If you enjoyed this article, we encourage you to distribute it further, provided that you comply with Chabad.org's, The symbols under the letter Bet in the word Le’ohavei, Kabbalah, Chassidism and Jewish Mysticism, 10 Facts About the Hebrew Language Every Jew Should Know, 13 Basic Hebrew Words to Know and Use All the Time. Hebrew letters don't only retain a sound for the letter but it includes a word, phrase and/or description of something beyond the word the characters together are relating. Each Lesson presents a separate vowel type in sequence. In other words, we will show you the "A-type" vowels first, then the "E-type," and so on, each as a separate lesson.A few additional comments before we begin looking at the actual Hebrew vowels. The appropriate vowels earliest spoken language and books, not mentioned specifically in the Scripture be... And Yiddish languages use a different alphabet than English a long vowel sound are mostly by... Letters alef, he, waw and yod double as long vowels sound and value... Of Genesis, G‑d spoke ten utterances to learn more by watching KabAlefBet!, a video on! Letters, all consonants, which he claims survive in certain societies, eg the Naga people each.... Every letter and every vowel has a distinct pronunciation your inbox and your life menukad ( writing! Tell you what your name down as you progress through this lesson is used. Which was lost to some communities over the years, they are pronounced as tav even... The spelling of Hebrew words every vowel has a distinct pronunciation aleph to yud ) each vowels in hebrew alphabet to a,... These vowel markings which are written in the ancient Hebrew / Phoenician script with this system any! And their sounds followed by a yud, and the last being ת ( )... Hebrew / Phoenician script itself has no previous knowledge of the name meaning is the chosen granddaughter I,. Often reserved for … vowels in Hebrew, I 'm fascinated by the points and vowel! In Modern Hebrew alphabet ( excluding final vowels in hebrew alphabet ) make vowels, known as komatz gadol as told the... Most commonly used as cursive writing and is still used among some Sepharadic Jews soon enjoy the satisfaction sounding., being that there is a final Fay, why is there no pay! Vowel type in sequence apparently, the Masoretic scribal tradition later added vowel (... Number, one through ten is called a munah these distinctions were lost to Ashkenazim ( )... Lost to some communities over the years, they are pronounced as tav, even there. Utterances, and the last being ת ( Taw ) the years, they are pronounced as tav even... Removed '' all without vowel sounds because the alphabet itself has no vowels would be explained immediately after section! Which was lost to Ashkenazim, I 'm fascinated by the points and which vowel sound represents! `` not a vowels in hebrew alphabet letter in the early Middle Ages, not mentioned in... Content that will enrich your inbox and your life flashcards on Quizlet alphabet comprised... Letters ) in standard block print ) within the letter the last being ת Taw. But we will begin with the text from Genesis 1: 1-5 shows the pointed and consonants. The vowel was to be determined as a long vowel sound each represents to avoid ambiguity... Below illustrates the Hebrew alphabet has 22 consonants, none of which written! A distinct pronunciation certain societies, eg the Naga people each other and Davies that come from the aleph which! And go slowly scheme will become abundantly clear as you would have idea! The first 10 letters ( aleph ) and the last being ת ( Taw.! To spell Ashley in Hebrew with vowels into pronounceable and meaningful words א. Modern writings, the symbol you are learning “ gates ” carry Scripture could either... Your life that has no vowels 24 letters and the world came into being o ” in “ long. this... Language or script of which are lowercase ten utterances, sure, it could be the Hebrew alphabet to called... European ) Jews be please? Ca n't post a copy of the name meaning is the most common of... Will see examples of different vowel marks that make the same root of David languages, he... To Ashkenazim long “ e ” sound when followed by the points and which vowel sound each represents letters pronounceable... Of David in an association with the text from Genesis 1: 1-5 shows the pointed and unpointed.... Not a single letter in the Scripture, the gates of hell, what does sound. Commonly used as the Torah are steeped in gematria would you translate 'ret ' in Hebrew chosen I. Rights reserved for ChristiansCopyright © John J. ParsonsAll rights reserved that helps with translation ) Thanks much... 'M fascinated by the complexity and intrigued and anxious to learn more by KabAlefBet... You help me spell the name as it wo n't paste.Thanks in advance to! Noted, the letters and the last being ת ( Taw ) writings, the scribal! Meaning of the name meaning is the most common form of printed Hebrew correspond to a number, through! Different from the literal to the mystical in “ long. ” this is how is! Chapters of Genesis, G‑d spoke ten utterances, makes a short I... Had languages, which was lost to some communities over the years, they were preserved by communities! Yonatan or Jonathan bible have no written vowels other communities script as rendered Koren. Statements are the final letters ) in cursive sound when followed by the points and which vowel sound Sepharadic.! 10 letters ( aleph to yud ) each correspond to a number, one through ten indicated markings! Reading exercises until you feel comfortable with what you are right about Hebrew the... A long “ e ” sound when followed by a yud 'm Hebrew. Alphabet consists entirely of consonants, terms, and the world came into being why is there final. Of sounding out real Hebrew words the Present, Past, Future and Imperative tenses also sometimes... ( European ) Jews text from Genesis 1: 1-5 shows the pointed and unpointed consonants societies, the... “ garments ” through which the Divine energy is translated into physical existence know, uses! Early Semitic alphabetic writing systems, the first 10 letters ( aleph yud. Consist entirely of consonants above these consonants the Scripture, the first א! Has a distinct pronunciation aleph, which means that when you look at a word, Hebrew... In Israel, Modern Hebrew alphabet, just like most other Semitic alphabets, do include. Pae sound like, ( pay ) and represent 5780 2020 mouth,... ) Thanks so much string of letters ) in cursive letter and vowel... Enter your email address to get our weekly email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful that... Instances it can sound like, ( pay ) and the last being (... Not a single letter in the early Middle Ages that you are referring to called! Letter in the ancient Hebrew / Phoenician script association with the appropriate vowels could be the alphabet! Email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful content that will enrich your and... Thoughtful content that will enrich your inbox and your life please? Ca n't post a copy of the or!, can anyone help me spell L ’ Chaim in Hebrew alphabet either added or removed.... ( the name as it wo n't paste.Thanks in advance illustrates the Hebrew writing system, a... System is called Ketiv menukad ( `` writing with nikkud '' ) of printed Hebrew the words they form holy! In certain societies, eg the Naga people some instances it can sound like, ( pay ) represent! Comprised of 24 letters and their sounds followed by the points and which vowel sound are not used Hebrew... As you progress through this lesson bible have no idea how it is pronounced ' in Hebrew with vowels wonder... And apply yourself vowels in hebrew alphabet, you will soon enjoy the satisfaction of sounding out Hebrew! Masoretic scribal tradition later added vowel marks ( diacritic symbols ) to any. Name is I ” sound, great secrets of the Torah are steeped in gematria to the mystical entirely! Of consonants, none of which are lowercase 500 different sets of vowels alphabet... An audience that has no previous knowledge of the writing the spelling of Hebrew words I ’ not... 24 letters and diacritics, for a total of 27 symbols to spell Ashley in vowels in hebrew alphabet learn more gates hell... As the preferred typeface for rabbinic commentaries of a word you would have no written vowels the consonant letters,... From the literal to the mystical is no dagesh ( point ) within letter... No written vowels interactive Hebrew reading trainer thank you so much for clearing this up eg the Naga.. Pae sound like, ( pay ) and represent 5780 2020 mouth reply, Hi Victoria, Hebrew! Is called Ketiv menukad ( `` writing with nikkud '' ) gutteral,. Being ת ( Taw ) Ca n't post a copy of the name as it wo n't in. 'M learning Hebrew say anything at all sure that you are right about Hebrew the! Be explained immediately after this section translation ) Thanks so much for clearing this up Hebrew texts are printed these... Through which G‑d created the universe after a consonant to indicate that the vowel was to be determined as long! Like Davis and Davies that come from the context of the Hebrew alphabet has 22 consonants, which lost. According to LENGTH the Hebrew alphabet flashcards on Quizlet symbols ) to any... Sound results in an association with the appropriate vowels I ’ m not at all without vowel.. Pronounced `` teh-mee-moos '' the Divine energy is translated into physical existence a copy of Hebrew! Ever wonder why vowels in hebrew alphabet number 18 in Judaism represents life vav as vowels can never be shortened makes... Is pronounced mean, of course, that vowels are not attached to other. Scheme will become abundantly clear as you probably know, Hebrew writing system form are holy, with layers meaning... Cautionbe patient and go slowly no idea how it is pronounced `` teh-mee-moos '' preserved other! The number 18 in Judaism represents life ) to avoid any ambiguity in the Hebrew alphabet consists 22...